Germany Turkey Labour Agreement

Posted in Uncategorized by Hemant Naidu on September 21, 2021

In November 1973, the Federal Cabinet ordered a halt to the recruitment of foreign labour following the economic downturn caused, inter alia, by the oil crisis. Few exceptions have been granted to this recruitment ban and few foreign workers have been admitted to Germany. 3 Although immigration to Germany was considered in principle to be a temporary phenomenon at the time of the recruitment contract, which was also reflected in the term `migrant worker`, it is now generally perceived as relocation to another country. Since the 1990s, faced with the large de facto immigrant population, public and political discourse in Germany has increasingly distanced itself from the prevailing official view of the federal government that Germany is not and should not be a country of immigration. Recent events celebrating 50 years of Turkish immigration to Germany would hardly have been conceivable without the paradigm shift that Germany has experienced in the integration of immigrants. Specifically, in her speech, the Federal Chancellor also cited examples of the successful integration of Turkish immigrants into German society. In public discourse and in traditional approaches to integration, integration is often seen as a process of implantation in the host society that is accompanied at the latest by the severance of relations with the country of origin by the so-called second generation. There have been several justifications for these agreements. First, in the 1950s, Germany experienced what is called an economic miracle and needed manpower. [7] The labor shortage worsened after the construction of the Berlin Wall in August 1961, which significantly reduced the massive influx of East German workers.

Second, West Germany has justified these programs as a form of development aid. Immigrant workers were expected to learn useful skills that could help them build their own country upon their return to their home countries. [3] Subsequent amendments to the relevant legislation have gradually extended the possibility for foreign workers to settle in Germany. The most recent change in this regard was the introduction on 1 August 2012 of the EU Blue Card, which facilitates the work of skilled workers from third countries in the EU. The current German labour immigration system is adapted to the needs and requirements of the labour market and is part of the federal government`s demographic strategy. The agreement with Turkey ended in 1973, but few workers returned because there were few good jobs in Turkey. [11] Instead, they brought wives and family members and settled in ethnic enclaves. [12] Germany began recruiting foreign labour from southern Europe and the Mediterranean in 1955, after concluding an agreement with Italy. After World War II, northern continental Europe experienced a severe labor shortage and high unemployment in southern European countries and Turkey.

[3] After the division of Germany between East and West in 1949, the GDR experienced a severe shortage of manpower, mainly because East Germans fled to the western areas occupied by the Allies; In 1963, the GDR signed its first migrant worker contract with Poland. . . .